Centre for unified philosophy                                                                                                                                                                                           Advertisements

Philosophy- The study of philosophy is must to understand the real truth. We will shortly unifying the various philosophies in one with missing backlinks and fulfill the wholesomeness. It is necessary to popularize that the knowledge of philosophy at individual level is requisite for everyone. The philosophical physics and philosophical psychology and its unification is next step.

 

Philosophy

The study of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning. A system of thought based on or involving such study: . The study of the theoretical underpinnings of a particular field or discipline: An underlying theory or set of ideas relating to a particular field of activity or to life as a whole: . (Philosophy) the academic discipline concerned with making explicit the nature and significance of ordinary and scientific beliefs and investigating the intelligibility of concepts by means of rational argument concerning their presuppositions, implications, and interrelationships; in particular, the rational investigation of the nature and structure of reality (metaphysics), the resources and limits of knowledge (epistemology), the principles and import of moral judgment (ethics), and the relationship between language and reality(semantics) . (Philosophy) the particular doctrines relating to these issues of some specific individual or school: the philosophy of Descartes. 3. (Philosophy) the critical study of the basic principles and concepts of a discipline: the philosophy of law. . (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) the investigation of natural phenomena, esp alchemy, astrology, and astronomy . any system of belief, values, or tenets . a personal outlook or viewpoint\ . serenity of temper . the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct. . a system of philosophical doctrine: the philosophy of Spinoza. . the critical study of the basic principles and concepts of a particular branch of knowledge: the philosophy of science. . a system of principles for guidance in practical affairs: a philosophy of life. . a calm or philosophical attitude. Accidentalism-the philosophic doctrine that claims that events can or do occur without cause. Actualism-the doctrine that all reality is animate, in motion, or in process. aesthetics, esthetics-a branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and the beautiful. Analogism-reasoning deductively, from a generalization to particular events. Architectonics-the science of the systemization of knowledge. Aretaics-the study of virtue. Aristotelianism-the philosophy of Aristotle, especially an emphasis upon formal deductive logic, upon the concept that reality is a combination of formand matter, and upon investigation of the concrete and particular. — Atomism-the theory that minute, discrete, finite, and indivisible elements are the ultimate constituents of all matter. Averroism, Averrhoism-the philosophy of Averroës, chiefly Aristotelianism tinged with Neoplatonism, asserting the unity of an active and divine intellect tcommon to all while denying personal immortality. Benthamism-the philosophical theory of Jeremy Bentham that the morality of actions is estimated and determined by their utility and that pleasureand pain are both the ultimate Standard of right and wrong and the fundamental motives influencing human actions and wishes. Bergsonism-the philosophy of Henri Bergson, emphasizing time or duration as the central f act of experience and asserting the existence of theélan vital as an original life force governing all organic processes in a way that can be explained only by intuition, not by scientific analysis. Berkeleianism-the philosophy and beliefs of George Berkeley denying the existence of the real world. Cartesianis -the philosophy of René Descartes and his followers, especially its emphasis on logical analysis, its mechanistic interpretation of physical nature, and its dualistic distinction between thought (mind) and extension (matter). Causationism the principles and practices of universal causation. commonsense realism naive realism. Comtism ,positivism, Conceptualism the doctrine that universals exist only in the mind. 


Consciencism cosmology the branch of philosophy that studies the origin, evolution, and structure of the universe, especially such characteristics as space,time, causality, and freedom. Cynicism -Greek philosophy of the 4th century B.C. advocating the doctrines that virtue is the only good, that the essence of virtue is self-control and individual freedom, and that surrender to any external influence is beneath the dignity of man. Cyrenaicism -the principles of the school of the philosopher Aristippus of Cyrene. Descendentalism -the doctrines of a school of philosophy emphasizing empiricism and positivism. Determinism -1. the doctrine that all f acts and events result from the operation of natural laws. 2. the doctrine that all events, including human choices and decisions, are necessarily determined by motives, which are regarded asexternal forces acting on the will. Doxography the compiling of extracts from ancient Greek philosophers, with editorial commentary. Dualism 1. any theory in any field of philosophical investigation that reduces the variety of its subject matter to two irreducible principles, asgood/evil or natural/supernatural. 2. Metaphysics. any system that reduces the whole universe to two principles, as the Platonic Ideas and Matter. Dynamism -any of various theories or philosophical systems that seek to explain natural phenomena by the action and interaction of forces, asmechanism or Leibnizianism. Dysteleology -a doctrine denying the existence of a final cause or purpose in life or nature. Eclecticism -1. the use or advocacy of a method involving the selection of doctrines from various systems and their combination into a unified system of ideas.2. such a system. Eleaticism a school of philosophy founded by Parmenides and its doctrines, especially those contributed by Zeno (of Elea), asserting the unrealityof motion or change. Emanationism  a theory of the origin of the world by a series of emanations from the Godhead. Empiricism -1. the doctrine that all ideas and categories are derived from sense experience and that knowledge cannot extend beyond experience, including observation, experiment, and induction. 2. an empirical method or practice. Entelechy Vitalism. a vital agent or force directing growth and life. Epicureanism -the philosophical system of Epicurus, holding that the natural world is a series of fortuitous combinations of atoms, and that the highest good is freedom from disturbance and pain. Epiphenomenalism the doctrine that consciousness is a mere accessory and  accompaniment of physiological processes and is powerless to affect these processes. the branch of philosophy that studies the origin, nature, methods, validity, and limits of human knowledge. Essentialism - a philosophical theory asserting that metaphysical essences are real and intuitively accessible. a philosophical theory giving priority to the inward nature, true substance, or constitution of something over its existence. Ethical nihilism the belief that there are no bases for establishing a moral or ethical philosophy. ethical relativism the belief that morality is relative to the society where it exists and that its criticism and evaluation are irrelevant. Ethics \the branch of philosophy that considers the good, moral principles, and right action. — etiology, a etiology the science of causation. Existentialism - the doctrine that man forms his essence in the course of the life resulting from his personal choices. - an emphasis upon man’s creating his own nature as well as the importance of personal freedom, decision, and commitment.

 

Experientialism the philosophical theory that states that experience is the source of all knowledge. — Fatalism the doctrine that all things are subject to fate or inevitable predestination and that man is ultimately unable to prevent inevitabilities. Fichteanism theories and beliefs of J. G. Fichte, German philosopher and social thinker, a precursor of socialism. Gnosticism the doctrines of any of various dualistic sects among the Jews and the early Christians who claimed possession of superior spiritual knowledge, explained the creation of the world in an emanational manner, and condemned matter as evil. — gradualism a theory maintaining that two seemingly conflicting notions are not radically opposed, but are part of a gradually altering continuity. Haeckelism theories and doctrines of Ernst Haeckel, German biologist and philosopher, especially the notion “ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny.” Hegelian dialectic an interpretive method, originally used to relate specific entities or events to the absolute idea, in which an assertable proposition(thesis) is necessarily opposed by its apparent contradiction (antithesis), and both reconciled on a higher level of truth by a third proposition (synthesis).. Hegelianism the philosophy of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and his followers, characterized by the use of a special dialectic as an analytical and interpretive method. Hermeticism, hermeticism  the ideas or beliefs set forth in the writings of Hermes Trismegistus- adherence to these ideas and beliefs. Hobbism the philosophical beliefs of Thomas Hobbes, who maintained that an individual has the right to self-preservation and the pursuit ofhappiness. Holism the theory that whole entities, as fundamental components of reality, have an existence other than as the mere sum of their parts. Humanitarianism  Ethics. the doctrine that man’s obligations are concerned wholly with the welfare of the human race.  Theology. the doctrine that man may achieve perfection without divine assistance. hylicism, hylism . the materialist theories of the early Ionic philosophers.  the doctrines concerning the lowest of three Gnostic orders of mankind, the material or fleshly, unsavable as sons of the devil - the theory that regards matter as the principle of evil, as in dualistic theology or philosophy. —  hylomorphism the theory derived from Aristotle that every physical object is composed of two principles, an unchanging prime matter and a formdeprived of actuality with every substantial change of the object .hypostasis the essential substance or underlying nature or principle of a thing. Hypothesis - a principle or proposition that is assumed for the sake of argument or that is taken for granted to proceed to the proof of the point in question.- a system or theory created to account for something that is not understood. Idealism -any system or theory that maintains that the real is of the nature of thought or that the object of external perception consists of ideas. Illusionism-a theory or doctrine that the material world is wholly or nearly wholly an illusion. Immaterialism -the belief that material things have no objective existence but exist only as mental perceptions. Indifferentism-a view that admits no real difference between true and f alse in religion or philosophy; a form of agnosticism. 


Instrumentalism -a pragmatic philosophy holding that it is the function of thought to be a means to the control of environment, and that the value and truthfulness of ideas is determined by their usefulness in human experience or progress. Irrationalism- a theory that non rational forces govern the universe.  any attitude or set of beliefs having a non rational basis, as nihilism. Kantianism the philosophy of Emmanuel Kant, asserting that the nature of the mind renders it unable to know reality immediately, that the mind interprets data presented to it as phenomena in space and time, and that the reason, in order to find a meaningful basis for experience or in order for ethical conduct to exist, may postulate things unknowable to it, as the existence of a soul. Laxism the view of a school of Roman Catholic casuists who maintained that any chance of liberty, however slight, should be foliowed. Leibnizianism, Leibnitzianism -the philosophy of Gottfied Wilhelm von Leibniz and his followers, especially monadism and the theory of pre established harmony, the theory that this is the best of all possible worlds because God has chosen it (satirized by Voltaire in Candide), and proposals for a scientific language and a method of symbolic computation. Libertarianism- one who advocates liberty, especially with regard to thought or conduct-the philosophical doctrine of free will. logical positivism positivism, def. Logicism a philosophical system that places strong emphasis on logic. Materialism the theory that regards matter and its various guises as constituting the universe, and all phenomena, including those of the mind, as caused by material agencies. Mechanism the theory that everything in the universe is produced by matter in process, capable of explanation by the laws of chemistry and physics- the theory that a natural process is machinelike or is explainable in terms of Newtonian mechanics. Meliorism the doctrine that the world tends to become better of itself, or that it may improve more rapidly by proper human assistance. Mentalism the doctrine that objects of knowledge have no existence except in the mind of the perceiver, as in Berkeleianism.  Mesology the study of ways of attaining happiness.  Metaethics  metagnosticism the doctrine that knowledge of the Absolute is within human reach, but through a higher religious consciousness rather than by logical processes. Metaphysics a branch of philosophy concerned with being, first principles, and often including aspects of cosmology and epistemology. Metempiricism a concept believed to be beyond but related to empirically gained data. Miserabilismm  the philosophy of pessimism.

 

 

 

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Spirituality News -- ScienceDaily

Researchers urge caution around psilocybin use

In a survey of almost 2,000 people who said they had had a past negative experience when taking psilocybin-containing 'magic mushrooms,' a researchers say that more than 10 percent believed their worst 'bad trip' had put themselves or others in harm's way, and a substantial majority called their most distressing episode one of the top 10 biggest challenges of their lives. Posted: Fri 30th of December, 2016

Is there such a thing as an emotional hangover? Researchers find that there is

Emotional experiences can induce physiological and internal brain states that persist for long periods of time after the emotional events have ended, a team of scientists has found. Posted: Tue 27th of December, 2016

Can you unconsciously forget an experience?

Wanting to squash not-so-great memories is human nature, but is it possible to intentionally forget a traumatic experience? Posted: Fri 9th of December, 2016

Avoiding spiritual struggles and existential questions is linked with poorer mental health

Fear of confronting the tensions and conflicts brought on by existential concerns—the “big questions” of life—is linked with poorer mental health, including higher levels of depression, anxiety and difficulty regulating emotions, according to a new study. Posted: Mon 5th of December, 2016

Hallucinogenic drug psilocybin eases existential anxiety in people with life-threatening cancer

A substantial majority of people suffering cancer-related anxiety or depression found considerable relief for up to six months from a single large dose of psilocybin -- the active compound in hallucinogenic "magic mushrooms" -- researchers report after a small double-blind study. Posted: Thu 1st of December, 2016

This is your brain on God: Spiritual experiences activate brain reward circuits

Religious and spiritual experiences activate the brain reward circuits in much the same way as love, sex, gambling, drugs and music, report researchers. Posted: Tue 29th of November, 2016

What do Americans fear?

The third annual Chapman University Survey of American Fears (2016) has been released by researchers. The survey asked respondents about 65 fears across a broad range of categories including fears about the government, crime, the environment, the future, technology, health, natural disasters, as well as fears of public speaking, spiders, heights, ghosts and many other personal anxieties. In addition to the set of fears examined in previous waves, the survey team took a closer look at two fear related phenomena: Americans' beliefs in conspiracy theories and fear of Muslims, sometimes referred to as "Islamophobia." Posted: Wed 12th of October, 2016

Does meditation keep emotional brain in check?

Meditation can help tame your emotions even if you're not a mindful person, suggests a new study. Psychology researchers recorded the brain activity of people looking at disturbing pictures immediately after meditating for the first time. These participants were able to tame their negative emotions just as well as participants who were naturally mindful. Posted: Mon 3rd of October, 2016

Oxytocin enhances spirituality: The biology of awe

Oxytocin has been dubbed the "love hormone" for its role promoting social bonding, altruism and more. Now new research suggests the hormone may also support spirituality. Posted: Wed 21st of September, 2016

Posting personal experiences on social media may help you remember them in the future

Posting personal experiences on social media makes those events much easier to recall, a new study -- the first to look at social media's effect on memory -- has found Posted: Wed 7th of September, 2016

Spiritual meditation plus medication: Best medicine for migraines?

New research examines whether or not, and to what extent, a combination of spiritual meditation and migraine medication affects analgesic medication usage. Posted: Fri 2nd of September, 2016

Systems biology research study reveals benefits of vacation, meditation

Scientists used a rigorous study design to assess the biological impact of meditation compared to vacation. The researchers found that a resort vacation provides a strong and immediate impact on molecular networks associated with stress and immune pathways, in addition to short-term improvements in well-being, as measured by feelings of vitality and distress. A meditation retreat, for those who already used meditation regularly, was associated with molecular networks characterized by antiviral activity. The molecular signature of long-term meditators was distinct from the non-meditating vacationers. Posted: Tue 30th of August, 2016

'Coming out' in the classroom, but not by choice

In a first-of-its kind study, researchers found that active learning classrooms, which require more group work than traditional lecture courses, may create an unaccepting atmosphere for LGBTQIA students. Posted: Fri 26th of August, 2016

Fighting the stigma of albinism

People with albinism face major health problems, including skin cancer, involuntary eye movements, and poor eyesight. According to a new study, many of them also suffer severe discrimination and social stigmatization. Posted: Tue 23rd of August, 2016

Religious actions convey pro-social intent, finds study

A new study suggests that people who participate in regular religious acts send a clear signal to others that they're ready and willing to contribute to their communities. A researcher spent two years in southern India collecting evidence on religious involvement and community standing. Her observations support a theory which predicts that people will pay a price in time, money, or even physical pain to demonstrate something to others. Posted: Mon 22nd of August, 2016

Beginning pornography use associated with increase in probability of divorce

Beginning pornography use is associated with a substantial increase in the probability of divorce for married Americans, and this increase is especially large for women, finds a new study. Posted: Mon 22nd of August, 2016

Mindfulness combats depression for disadvantaged black women

Eight weeks of mindfulness training helped alleviate depressive symptoms and reduce stress in African-American women with lower socio-economic status, providing an effective alternative to more conventional treatment, report scientists. Posted: Mon 15th of August, 2016

Providers face cultural challenges when evaluating refugee children

Numerous challenges face providers who are administering developmental screenings for refugee children, including differences in cultural and religious beliefs, language barriers, and disparate education levels, according to new research. Posted: Mon 15th of August, 2016

HIV stigma influenced by perceptions of masculinity, study reveals

Whether an HIV-positive man has met cultural expectations of masculinity might impact how much stigma he experiences, according to a new study. Posted: Mon 8th of August, 2016

Changes in brain activity after mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in adolescents

Researchers are studying how cognitive therapy that uses mindfulness techniques, such as meditation, quiet reflection and facilitator-led discussion, may serve as an adjunct to pharmacological treatments for youth with anxiety disorders. Posted: Wed 20th of July, 2016

Behavioral Science News -- ScienceDaily

Large scale study highlights challenges faced by children with ASD in early school years

New research outlined in a report stems from one of the largest studies on young children with ASD as they transition into school. Posted: Fri 13th of January, 2017

Scientists switch on predatory kill instinct in mice

Researchers have isolated the brain circuitry that coordinates predatory hunting, according to a new study. One set of neurons in the amygdala, the brain's center of emotion and motivation, cues the animal to pursue prey. Another set signals the animal to use its jaw and neck muscles to bite and kill. Posted: Thu 12th of January, 2017

Superhero culture magnifies aggressive, not defending behaviors

Children who frequently engage with superhero culture are more likely to be physically and relationally aggressive one year later and not more likely to be defenders of kids being picked on by bullies, new research concludes. Posted: Wed 11th of January, 2017

Remembering where to get high

Addiction-related memories are exceptionally strong and stable, suggesting that addictive drugs remodel the brain’s circuitry in a prominent and lasting way. In the past decade, researchers have used mouse models to unravel how cellular changes in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), a brain structure involved in action selection associated with arousal and reward, may contribute to addiction-related behavior. Whereas neuronal remodeling in the NAc explains a wide range of addictive behaviors, it is not required for all of them, according to a study. Posted: Wed 11th of January, 2017

Our senses can't learn under stress

Stress is part of our everyday lives. While some thrive on it, it makes others sick. But what does stress do to our senses? Posted: Wed 11th of January, 2017

Drug shown to aid injured adult brains may exacerbate cognitive problems in children

The pediatric brain responds negatively to traumatic brain injury treatment that targets inflammation, new research suggests. Posted: Tue 10th of January, 2017

New molecular discovery may help identify drug therapies to prevent dementia

Scientists have discovered a molecular pathway in the brain that may help provide answers to long-term memory problems in the elderly and aid researchers in identifying drug-based therapies to prevent dementia. Posted: Tue 10th of January, 2017

Alcohol prevents ability to extinguish fearful memories in mice

If the goal is to ease or extinguish fearful emotional memories like those associated with post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol may make things worse, not better, experiments in mice suggest that. Results of their study demonstrate, they say, that alcohol strengthens emotional memories associated with fearful experiences and prevents mice from pushing aside their fears. Posted: Tue 10th of January, 2017

Cocaine users make riskier decisions after losing a gamble

People addicted to cocaine make riskier decisions than healthy people after losing a potential reward, according to a study. In the study, researchers show that this heightened sensitivity to loss displayed by the cocaine users correlated with an exaggerated decrease in a part of the brain that processes rewards. Posted: Tue 10th of January, 2017

New framework could help online addicts reduce their usage

Research has shown that internet addicts do not always feel guilty about their usage, and in many cases, they do not even perceive their usage as problematic. A new model could help addicts realize that their usage is a problem and reduce it. Posted: Mon 9th of January, 2017

Neuroscientist probes tiny world of the fruit fly to discover sleep/eating/activity connection

The humble fruit fly has proved to be a fruitful research subject for a neuroscientist team. The collaborators’ research into their behavior has helped expand our understanding of some important neurobiological connections between eating and sleep — including the infamous “food coma” felt after a big meal. Posted: Mon 9th of January, 2017

Neural connection keeps instincts in check

Scientists have identified the physical connection through which the prefrontal cortex inhibits instinctive behavior, report scientists. Posted: Mon 9th of January, 2017

Psychology essential to achieving goals of patient-centered medical homes

Psychologists can offer critical experience and expertise in strengthening the increasingly common model of coordinated health care, the patient-centered medical home, helping to achieve the 'triple aim' of improved outcomes, decreased cost and enhanced patient experience, according to new research. Posted: Mon 9th of January, 2017

Clues into how brain shapes perception to control behavior

Some of the visual information our brains receive is potentially misleading. New research on fruit flies demonstrates how even a simple brain can filter out such misinformation, hinting at how our own brains might shape how we see the world -- and how we react to it. Posted: Fri 6th of January, 2017

Toxic bosses are bad for your health and bad for your reputation

People who work for bosses who display psychopathic and narcissistic traits not only feel more depressed due to their bosses bullying behavior. They are also more likely to engage in undesirable behaviors at work. Posted: Fri 6th of January, 2017

Worms have teenage ambivalence, too

Scientists find that neurological changes mark transition from ambivalent adolescent to capable adult in the roundworm. Posted: Fri 6th of January, 2017

Innovative technique to examine blood vessels in 3D help unlock secrets of the brain

An important breakthrough has been made in the examination of blood vessels in the brain giving scientists a clearer understanding of how dementia, brain cancer and stroke can affect veins and capillaries in this organ. Posted: Thu 5th of January, 2017

Scientists take step toward mapping how the brain stores memories

A new study sheds light on how the brain stores memories. The research is the first to demonstrate that the same brain region can both motivate a learned behavior and suppress that same behavior. Posted: Tue 3rd of January, 2017

Parents’ presence when TV viewing with child affects learning ability

A study shows an increased physiological change in children when parents view programs with them as opposed to being in a separate room. Posted: Tue 3rd of January, 2017

Sex hormone-sensitive gene complex linked to premenstrual mood disorder

Researchers have discovered molecular mechanisms that may underlie a woman's susceptibility to disabling irritability, sadness, and anxiety in the days leading up to her menstrual period. In women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), they found dysregulated expression in a sex hormone-responsive gene complex which adds to evidence that PMDD is a disorder of cellular response to estrogen and progesterone. Posted: Tue 3rd of January, 2017

Relationships News -- ScienceDaily

One in five young people lose sleep over social media

One in five young people regularly wake up in the night to send or check messages on social media, according to new research. This night-time activity is making teenagers three times more likely to feel constantly tired at school than their peers who do not log on at night, and could be affecting their happiness and wellbeing. Posted: Mon 16th of January, 2017

Large scale study highlights challenges faced by children with ASD in early school years

New research outlined in a report stems from one of the largest studies on young children with ASD as they transition into school. Posted: Fri 13th of January, 2017

Online dating booming but how much does education matter?

Online daters are most likely to contact people with the same level of education as them, but are less fussy about an intellectual match as they get older, according to new research. Posted: Thu 12th of January, 2017

In teens, strong friendships may mitigate depression associated with excessive video gaming

Teenagers who play video games for more than four hours a day suffer from symptoms of depression, but frequent use of social media and instant messaging may mitigate symptoms of game addiction in these teens, new research suggests. Posted: Thu 12th of January, 2017

Instagram documents rising hookah use

Social media is giving researchers insight into the rising use of hookah, according to a study. Hookah, smoked through a water pipe and also known as shisha, has harmful health effects similar to cigarettes. But as cigarette use declined between 2005 and 2015 in the US, hookah use increased. New data from social media documents thousands of people using hookah in social settings and nightlife establishments using social media to promote hookah use. Posted: Thu 12th of January, 2017

What kind of selfie taker are you?

Taking and posting pictures of yourself doesn't necessarily mean you're a narcissist, new research suggests. People also take selfies to engage in conversations and chronicle their lives. Posted: Tue 10th of January, 2017

Women as decorative accessories: Keep silent or take a stance?

How do Italian women react once they are made aware that using bikini-clad models draped over sports cars or scantily dressed actresses on television actually degrades and objectifies the female sex into mere sexual objects? Most become angry and want to support protests against such female sexual objectification, says. Posted: Wed 4th of January, 2017

Out in the cold: Why are the oldest people the most excluded?

People over the age of 85 are significantly more likely to suffer social exclusion than those in the 65 to 84-year-old bracket, according to new research. In a study of 10,000 people aged over 65, social policy researchers found the 'oldest old' -- those 85 and over -- have more trouble accessing services such as healthcare and food shops, with 16 percent reporting 'significant' problems, compared with only four percent of their younger counterparts. Posted: Wed 4th of January, 2017

Genes affecting our communication skills relate to genes for schizophrenia and autism

By screening thousands of individuals, an international team led by researchers has provided new insights into the relationship between genes that confer risk for autism or schizophrenia and genes that influence our ability to communicate during the course of development. Posted: Tue 3rd of January, 2017

Most doctors ignore one of the most potent ways to improve health

Leveraging existing relationships with friends and family may be a more effective way to improve patients' health and encourage new healthy habits and behaviors than increasing interactions with physicians or other clinicians. In a new perspective article, behavioral economists suggest a five-step ladder to effectively engineering social engagements that promote health and to test their acceptability and effectiveness. Posted: Thu 29th of December, 2016

Violence spreads like a disease among adolescents, study finds

A new study of U.S. adolescents provides some of the best evidence to date of how violence spreads like a contagious disease. Researchers found that adolescents were up to 183 percent more likely to carry out some acts of violence if one of their friends had also committed the same act. Posted: Tue 20th of December, 2016

As children with autism age, services to help with transition needed

One in 45 children is diagnosed with autism. As these children age, experiences such as leaving school, finding jobs and living alone can be stressful for adolescents with autism as well as their caregivers. Researchers have conducted the first study analyzing the perspectives of adolescents with autism to identify challenges as they “age out” of services. The researchers say these findings highlight the need for social workers and providers to assist children with autism as they transition to adulthood. Posted: Tue 20th of December, 2016

True lies: People who lie via telling truth viewed harshly, study finds

The ability to deceive someone by telling the truth is not only possible, it has a name -- paltering -- it’s common in negotiations and those who palter can do serious harm to their reputations, according to research. Posted: Thu 15th of December, 2016

Sexual harassment common among middle school children, study finds

Sexual harassment is a prevalent form of victimization that most antibullying programs ignore and teachers and school officials often fail to recognize, says a bullying and youth violence expert. The five-year study found that homophobic bullying is the precursor to sexual harassment among adolescents. Posted: Fri 9th of December, 2016

Oxytocin improves synchronization in leader-follower interaction

A new study shows that participants receiving oxytocin -- a hormone known to promote social bonding - are more synchronized when finger-tapping together, than participants receiving placebo. This effect was observed when pairs of participants, placed in separate rooms tapped together in a leader/follower relationship. Posted: Fri 9th of December, 2016

Past misdeeds haunt relationships when they feel recent, study finds

If a partner's past transgression feels like it happened yesterday, even if it didn't, you are more likely to remember it during new, unrelated arguments, according to a new study. Posted: Tue 6th of December, 2016

Stress-hormone differences identified among gay men

Increased stigma and discrimination can affect circadian HPA-axis functioning, say researchers. The majority of previous studies have been conducted among white heterosexuals, with very little research examining HPA-axis functioning between different minorities. Individuals who identify as both sexual and racial minorities may experience increased stigma and discrimination that can affect this HPA-axis functioning. Now, researchers have examined differences in diurnal cortisol rhythm between young, self-identified, white gay men and black gay men. Posted: Sat 3rd of December, 2016

We like what experts like -- and what is expensive

Scientists have observed the influence of social and financial contextual information on the pleasures of art. The focus was on the question whether the purchase price, the prestige of a gallery or the socioeconomic status and educational status of other persons have an influence on the personal taste. Posted: Thu 1st of December, 2016

Narcissistic individuals use social media to self-promote

Narcissism has a modest but reliable positive relationship with a range of social media behaviors, a new statistical review of 62 studies with over 13,000 individuals found. Posted: Thu 1st of December, 2016

Artificial intelligence toolkit spots new child sexual abuse media online

New artificial intelligence software designed to spot new child sexual abuse media online could help police catch child abusers. The toolkit automatically detects new child sexual abuse photos and videos in online peer-to-peer networks. Posted: Thu 1st of December, 2016

Racial Issues News -- ScienceDaily

Is student debt responsible for 'boomeranging' among young adults?

While student loan debt has reached an all-time high, it does not increase young adults' risk of 'boomeranging' or returning to their parental home, according to a study. Boomerangers, surprisingly, had less student loan debt than young adults who didn't return home. However, researchers found that the link between debt and boomeranging varied by ethnicity, finding an increased risk of boomeranging among black, but not white, youth. Posted: Fri 6th of January, 2017

Researchers identify factors associated with stopping treatment for opioid dependence

Individuals with opioid use disorder who are treated with buprenorphine, a commonly prescribed drug to treat addiction, are more likely to disengage from treatment programs if they are black or Hispanic, unemployed, or have hepatitis C according to a study. Posted: Thu 5th of January, 2017

Losing sleep over discrimination? 'everyday discrimination' may contribute to sleep problems

People who perceive more discrimination in daily life have higher rates of sleep problems, based on both subjective and objective measures, reports a new study. Posted: Thu 22nd of December, 2016

Discrimination interacts with genetics, impacts health

It's no secret that discrimination is stressful for those who experience it, but turns out the issue is more than skin deep -- these stressors can interact with our genetics to negatively impact our health, a new study shows. Posted: Thu 22nd of December, 2016

Children can 'catch' social bias through non-verbal signals expressed by adults

Preschool-age children can learn bias through nonverbal signals displayed by adults and are likely to generalize that learned bias to other people, research shows. The findings point to a mechanism for the creation of racial bias and other biases in society. Posted: Wed 21st of December, 2016

Rare look at youth post detention is bleak

A new study offers a bleak assessment in a rare look at the outcomes of delinquent youth five and 12 years after juvenile detention. Central to poor outcomes for the youth post detention are stark and persistent racial, ethnic and gender disparities, according to the massive study that began in the mid-1990s. Posted: Mon 19th of December, 2016

Infants show apparent awareness of ethnic differences

New research findings help advance our understanding of social cognition and social development. Researchers studied 40 Hispanic infants and 37 non-Hispanic white infants, all 11 months old. The researchers showed them the faces of 18 young women they did not know on a computer screen. Recording the infants' eye movements with technology that can track where a viewer is looking, and for how long, the results showed that both Hispanic and white infants looked longer at African-American faces than Hispanic faces, longer at African-American faces than white faces and longer at Hispanic faces than white faces. Posted: Wed 14th of December, 2016

Stress-hormone differences identified among gay men

Increased stigma and discrimination can affect circadian HPA-axis functioning, say researchers. The majority of previous studies have been conducted among white heterosexuals, with very little research examining HPA-axis functioning between different minorities. Individuals who identify as both sexual and racial minorities may experience increased stigma and discrimination that can affect this HPA-axis functioning. Now, researchers have examined differences in diurnal cortisol rhythm between young, self-identified, white gay men and black gay men. Posted: Sat 3rd of December, 2016

Insight into children's race and gender identities

Children aged 7 to 12 rate gender as more important than race, research shows. It also reveals that their perceptions of both are a complex mix of personal and societal influences. Posted: Wed 16th of November, 2016

Teacher communication with parents consistent with racial stereotypes

Teachers communicate with parents not just based on a student’s academic performance and behaviors, but also based on parents’ racial and immigrant backgrounds, finds a study. Posted: Tue 15th of November, 2016

Threatened by diversity?

In this election year of unprecedented acrimony, one of the most polarizing issues of all is rooted in what's typically considered a national strength: diversity. But as it turns out, not all Americans value the country's multicultural ethos, according to a psychologist's study. Posted: Wed 26th of October, 2016

Neighborhoods important factor in risk of stroke for all races

Those living in more advantaged neighborhoods are less likely to have a stroke than are their counterparts who live in less advantaged neighborhoods, according to a new study. Posted: Wed 19th of October, 2016

Race influences teachers' referrals to special and gifted education, finds study

Teacher referrals for special and gifted education testing are subjective and may be swayed by a student's race, finds research. Posted: Tue 18th of October, 2016

Link found between marriage attitudes, risky sexual behaviors across ethnic groups

Attitudes and desires about marriage can place young people on trajectories toward or away from healthy sexual behaviors, research has found. This is the first study to investigate links between marriage attitudes and sexual behavior across racial and ethnic minority groups as well as the role skin tone plays in shaping marriage attitudes. Posted: Thu 13th of October, 2016

Therapists more likely to call back 'Allison' than 'Lakisha' with messages promoting mental health services

If you leave a message with a therapist seeking mental health services you have a better chance of getting a callback that promotes care if you have a white-sounding name than a black one, research shows. Posted: Thu 6th of October, 2016

Students of all races prefer teachers of color, finds study

Middle and high school students, regardless of their race and ethnicity, have more favorable perceptions of their Black and Latino teachers than of their White teachers, finds a new study. Posted: Wed 5th of October, 2016

Do race-based stressors contribute to the achievement gap?

Schools, teacher quality and family income all play a large role in student success, but these factors do not fully explain the academic differences seen in the U.S. between whites and disadvantaged racial/ethnic minorities, including blacks and Hispanics. Stress of racial discrimination may help explain racial/ethnic differences in achievement, new research suggests. Posted: Thu 29th of September, 2016

Implicit bias may help explain high preschool expulsion rates for black children

Preschool teachers and staff show signs of implicit bias in administering discipline, but the race of the teacher plays a big role in the outcome, according to new research. The results help explain why black students tend to be suspended at much higher rates than white students, the authors say. Posted: Wed 28th of September, 2016

Violence against police officers can trigger increased discrimination in police stops

Incidents of extreme violence against police officers can lead to periods of substantially increased racial disparities in the use of force by police, new research indicates. Posted: Fri 23rd of September, 2016

Specific trauma experiences contribute to women's alcohol use, differs by race

Trauma exposure has consistently been reported as a risk factor for alcohol use and related problems. Further, racial differences in alcohol use, alcohol use disorder (AUD), and trauma exposure between European American (EA) and African American (AA) women have been reported previously. This study sought to identify racial differences in alcohol involvement, and to examine the risk conferred by specific trauma exposures and PTSD for different stages of alcohol involvement in EA and AA women. Posted: Thu 22nd of September, 2016